That part of the hide below the belly line.
Bias Tape: A textile or plasticized
material around the edge of the cuff to prevent
unraveling of a textile cuff or to finish a
Butt: That part of the hide
or skin covering the rump or hind part of the
Chain Stitch: The looper thread
is chained around top thread. In case of a broken
thread, this type of stitch will unravel easier
than a lock stitch. (Fed. std. no.751a, type
Clicking: Clicking is cutting
the leather with a die for a certain part of
the glove (For example, a general safety cuff
work glove needs 10 dies, per pair, per size).
Clute Cut: One piece palm,
no finger base seam, however seams along the
fingers in the inside. Excellent for very flexible
gloves only. Not recommended for heavy gloves.
Color Code: See "sizing"
Cuff: A cuff is a material
extending beyond the palm of the hand to give
extra protection of the wrist, forearm, etc.
See Knit wrist, Safety Cuff, Gauntlet.
Denier: Nylon and silk weight
measure. Measure of fineness of thread; in 100-denier
yarn (=thread) 9,000 yards weighs 100 grams.
Die: A die is a piece of metal
shaped in the form of a palm, back, etc. to
be clicked out. The metal die is sharp on one
or both sides.
DOP: A plasticizer used in
plastic or vinyl (PVC - Poly Vinyl Chloride)
Embossed Leather: Leather which
has been ornamented with a geometrical or fancy
design by heavy pressure in a machine.
Fat Liquor: An emulsion of
oils or greases in water, usually with an emulsifying
agent, used to lubricate the fibers of leather.
Fiber: A fiber is the smallest
visible piece of tanned skin (smallest visible
by the eye). The skin is no more than thousands
fibers, three dimensional, woven together, in
the grain almost vertical (80%-85%), in the
lowest part of the skin almost horizontal (30%).
The degrees of the fiber play a very important
role in the wear and tear resistance.
Fourchette: See Gusset
Full Fashion: Common term
used in cotton or nylon gloves to express gussets
in between the fingers like a dress glove.
Gauntlet: A gauntlet is a
long cuff for protection of the forearm. Usually
4.5-5 inches long.
Grain: The external covering
of the hide. That part of the hide that contains
the hair of the animal. Smooth finish with holes
still visible. (Grain also known as Epidermis)
Full Grain: Having the original
grain surface of the skin.
Corrected Grain: Corrected
grain is grain leather that has had an abrasive
used on the finish for more uniform appearance.
(to hide scratches etc.). Also used to give
a soft feeling on grain, then called buffed,
snuffed or fluffed.
Gunn Cut: A gunn cut gloves
has a finger base seam but the seams between
the fingers are on the back of the glove for
better wear and comfort especially for heavier
Gusset: Piece of material sewn between the
fingers very often used in dress gloves. Also
called side walls or fourchettes.
Hem: A finished edge of the
cuff with a textile, plasticized material or
leather. Also "self hemmed" is possible
which means, that the material is folded around.
Variation: rolled hem,
Knit Wrist: A knit wrist is
a stretch knitted material, mostly from cotton,
to protect the wrist. Also excellent protection
against particles falling into the glove. Length
is usually 2 - 2.5 inch.
Lock Stitch: Most common used
stitch in gloves. (Fed. std. no.751a type 301)
Pattern: The design of the
glove. Most common patterns are Gunn cut and
Mitt: A mitt is a glove with
the four fingers combined.
One finger mitt: A glove with the index
finger and thumb in separate compartments, the
rest is combined. Also known as a three (3)
Ounce: Leather: A term used
to indicate weight or substance of certain kinds
of leather. In theory, it is based upon the
assumption that one square foot of leather will
weigh a certain number of ounces and will uniformly
be of certain thickness; hence, a three-ounce
leather will theoretically would be one square
foot of leather weighing three ounces. An ounce
is equivalent in thickness to 1/64th".
See also "thickness"
Safety Cuff: A cuff with a
slit opening on the side enabling the wearer
to throw the glove off.
Side Wall: see gusset.